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Version: 1.47.0

Rules

Introduction

Authorization rules in Platformatic DB define what operations users can perform on the REST or GraphQL APIs.

Defining Rules

Basic Rule Structure

Every authorization rule must include the following:

  • role (required) — Specifies the user role name as a string, which must align with roles set by an external authentication service.
  • entity or entities (optional) — Defines one or more Platformatic DB entities the rule applies to. At least one of entity or entities must be specified.
  • defaults (optional) — Sets default values for entity fields from user metadata.

Supported Operations

Each rule can specify permissions for CRUD operations (find, save, delete). Here's an example illustrating how these permissions are structured:

Example JSON object
{
"role": "user",
"entity": "page",
"find": true,
"save": false,
"delete": {
"checks": {
"userId": "X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID"
}
}
}

This configuration allows users with the user role to find and delete pages where the userId matches their user ID, but they cannot save changes to pages.

Advanced Authorization Controls

Operation Checks

For more fine-grained control, use the checks field to define conditions under which operations can be executed. Every entity operation — such as find, insert, save or delete — can have authorization checks specified for them. This value can be false (operation disabled) or true (operation enabled with no checks).

Example JSON object
{
"role": "user",
"entity": "page",
"find": {
"checks": {
"userId": "X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID"
}
}
}

Here a user with a user role executes a findPage operation and can access all the data for userId metadata with the value key X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID. It's possible to specify more complex rules using all the supported where clause operators.

important

Note that userId MUST exist as a field in the database table to use this feature.

GraphQL events and subscriptions

Platformatic DB supports GraphQL subscriptions, which require specific authorization checks based on find permissions. The only permissions that are supported are:

  1. find: false, the subscription for that role is disabled
  2. find: { checks: { [prop]: 'X-PLATFORMATIC-PROP' } } validates that the given prop is equal
  3. find: { checks: { [prop]: { eq: 'X-PLATFORMATIC-PROP' } } } validates that the given prop is equal
note

Conflicting rules across roles for different equality checks will not be supported.

Restrict Access to Entity Fields

Platformatic DB allows the specification of fields arrays in authorization rules to limit the columns a user can interact with during database operations.

For save operations, it's important to include all not-nullable fields in the configuration to prevent runtime errors due to missing data. Platformatic performs these checks at startup to ensure configurations are correct.

Example JSON object
{
"rule": {
"entity": "page",
"role": "user",
"find": {
"checks": {
"userId": "X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID"
},
"fields": ["id", "title"]
}
}
}

In this configuration, a user with the user role can only access the id and title fields of the page entity.

Set Entity Fields from User Metadata

Defaults are used in database insert and are default fields added automatically populated from user metadata

Example:

Example JSON object
{
"defaults": {
"userId": "X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID"
}
}

When a new entity is created, the userId field is automatically populated with the value from the user's metadata.

Programmatic Rules

For advanced use cases involving authorization, Platformatic DB allows rules to be defined programmatically.


app.register(auth, {
jwt: {
secret: 'supersecret'
},
rules: [{
role: 'user',
entity: 'page',
async find ({ user, ctx, where }) {
return {
...where,
userId: {
eq: user['X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID']
}
}
},
async delete ({ user, ctx, where }) {
return {
...where,
userId: {
eq: user['X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID']
}
}
},
defaults: {
userId: async function ({ user, ctx, input }) {
match(user, {
'X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID': generated.shift(),
'X-PLATFORMATIC-ROLE': 'user'
})
return user['X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID']
}

},
async save ({ user, ctx, where }) {
return {
...where,
userId: {
eq: user['X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID']
}
}
}
}]
})

In this example, the user role can delete all the posts edited before yesterday:

 app.register(auth, {
jwt: {
secret: 'supersecret'
},
roleKey: 'X-PLATFORMATIC-ROLE',
anonymousRole: 'anonymous',
rules: [{
role: 'user',
entity: 'page',
find: true,
save: true,
async delete ({ user, ctx, where }) {
return {
...where,
editedAt: {
lt: yesterday
}
}
},
defaults: {
userId: 'X-PLATFORMATIC-USER-ID'
}
}]
})

Access validation on entity mapper for plugins

To assert that a specific user with it's role(s) has the correct access rights to use entities on a platformatic plugin the context should be passed to the entity mapper in order to verify it's permissions like this:

To ensure that a specific user has the correct access rights to use entities within a Platformatic plugin, the user's context should be passed to the entity mapper. This integration allows the mapper to verify permissions based on the defined rules.

//plugin.js

app.post('/', async (req, reply) => {
const ctx = req.createPlatformaticCtx()

await app.platformatic.entities.movie.find({
where: { /*...*/ },
ctx
})
})

Skip authorization rules

In custom plugins, you can skip authorization rules on entities programmatically by setting the skipAuth flag to true or not passing a ctx.

// this works even if the user's role doesn't have the `find` permission.
const result = await app.platformatic.entities.page.find({skipAuth: true, ...})

This has the same effect:

// this works even if the user's role doesn't have the `find` permission
const result = await app.platformatic.entities.page.find() // no `ctx`

This is useful for custom plugins for which the authentication is not necessary, so there is no user role set when invoked.

info

Skip authorization is only applicable in custom plugins and cannot be used in automatically generated REST and GraphQL APIs.

Avoid repetition of the same rule multiple times

To prevent redundancy and repetition of rules, you can condense similar rules for multiple entities into a single rule entry.

 app.register(auth, {
jwt: {
secret: 'supersecret'
},
roleKey: 'X-PLATFORMATIC-ROLE',
anonymousRole: 'anonymous',
rules: [{
role: 'anonymous',
entities: ['category', 'page'],
find: true,
delete: false,
save: false
}]
})